5. Type of NRIs
6. FAQs on NRI
In the world of finance and legalities, the term 'NRI' is often heard. But what does NRI stand for? What does it mean? This blog post will answer these questions in a simple, easy-to-understand manner, complete with examples.
NRI Full Form
NRI stands for Non-Resident Indian. This term refers to individuals of Indian origin who live outside India. For example, consider Priya, an Indian citizen who has been living in the United States for the past two years due to her job. In this context, Priya is referred to as an NRI.
NRI Meaning and Definition
The term NRI means more than just its full form. It's a legal status given by the Indian government to Indian citizens living abroad. For instance, if Priya from our previous example stays in the United States for more than 182 days in a financial year, she would be legally considered an NRI under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) 1999.
NRI Category Explained
The NRI category is used in various Indian laws and regulations. This category is used in contexts like banking, taxation, and property transactions. For example, NRIs like Priya have the option to open specific bank accounts called NRI accounts, designed to help manage income earned in India. Also, they follow different tax rules compared to residents. For instance, an NRI's income earned or collected in India is subject to tax in India.
Type of NRIs
There are 3 distinct categories of individuals associated with India but living abroad.
- Non-Residential Indian (NRI)
- Person of Indian Origin (PIO)
- Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)
An NRI is an Indian citizen living overseas for employment, education, or other reasons for at least 182 days. For instance, an Indian citizen working in a tech company in Canada for the last 2 years qualifies as an NRI.
A PIO refers to a person, not being a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal, or Bhutan, who held an Indian passport at any point or whose parents or grandparents were born and permanently resided in India. Imagine a British individual whose grandparents emigrated from India, they'd be a PIO.
An OCI, on the other hand, is a foreign national, except those from specified nations, who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26th January 1950 or was a citizen of India anytime thereafter. A third-generation Indian living in Australia, with their great-grandparents originally from India, may possess OCI status.
Understanding the NRI full form, meaning, and category is crucial for NRIs and those who interact with them. With this simple guide, complete with examples, we hope you now have a clear understanding of what it means to be an NRI. Whether you're an NRI, planning to become one, or simply interacting with one, this knowledge is invaluable.