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The Essential Guide to Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards

Understanding the Process for OCI Card Renewal and Re-issuance
min read
February 3, 2024

The Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card is a form of identification that grants individuals of Indian origin certain rights and privileges in India. As with any official document, it requires renewal and, in some cases, re-issuance. This comprehensive guide will delve into the intricacies of the renewal and re-issuance process for OCI cards, ensuring that you are well-informed and prepared to navigate the procedures with ease.

Understanding the OCI Card

An OCI card is akin to a long-term visa that allows individuals of Indian origin and their spouses to live, work, and study in India indefinitely. It also confers other benefits such as the right to own property in India, except for agricultural land, and the same rights as Indian nationals in terms of domestic airfares and entry fees to national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. The OCI card is a critical document for members of the Indian diaspora, providing a link to their ancestral homeland and facilitating ease of travel and access to various services in India.

Why Renew or Re-issue an OCI Card?

OCI cards need to be renewed or re-issued for several reasons. The most common is the expiry of the card, which typically happens when the cardholder's passport is renewed. Changes in personal details such as a change in name, nationality, or marital status also necessitate the re-issuance of an OCI card. Additionally, as per the latest guidelines, re-issuance is mandatory when a new passport is issued to a cardholder at the age of 20 and again at the age of 50. This is to ensure that the OCI cardholder's information is consistent with their current passport details, which is essential for international travel and identification purposes.

The Renewal Process in Detail

The renewal process for an OCI card is straightforward but requires attention to detail. Applicants must fill out the necessary forms, which include providing current personal details and information about their existing OCI card and passport. The forms are available on the official OCI website and can be submitted electronically or in person at the nearest Indian consulate or embassy. The process involves verifying the current details, updating any changed information, and ensuring that all the required supporting documents are in order.

Re-issuance of OCI Cards Explained

Re-issuance of an OCI card is required under certain circumstances, such as when there is a change in personal details, or when a new passport is issued after the age of 20 or upon reaching the age of 50. This is to ensure that the OCI card contains the most up-to-date information and remains a valid form of identification. The re-issuance process is similar to the renewal process but may require additional documentation to support the changes in personal details.

Documents Required for Renewal and Re-issuance

The documents required for renewal or re-issuance include a copy of the current OCI card, the current passport, and any other documents that support the change in personal details, such as a marriage certificate or a legal name change document. It is important to provide clear and legible copies to avoid processing delays. Applicants should also be prepared to submit photographs and any additional forms as required by the latest guidelines.

Navigating the Online Application Process

The Government of India has facilitated an online application process for the renewal and re-issuance of OCI cards. Applicants can fill out the forms, upload the necessary documents, and pay the fees online through the official portal. This has significantly streamlined the process, making it more convenient for applicants around the world. The online system also allows applicants to track the status of their application, which adds transparency and ease to the process.

Understanding Processing Time and Fees

The processing time for OCI card renewal and re-issuance can vary depending on the volume of applications and the specific circumstances of the applicant. The fees are also subject to change, so it is advisable to check the latest information on the official website or consult with the Indian consulate or embassy. Applicants should be aware of the processing times and plan accordingly, especially if they have upcoming travel plans to India.

Avoiding Common Mistakes

Common mistakes in the application process include incorrect filling of forms, submission of outdated or incorrect documents, and failure to pay the correct fees. Applicants should double-check all information and follow the instructions provided on the official website to ensure a smooth application process. It is also important to apply for renewal or re-issuance well in advance to avoid any last-minute issues that could disrupt travel plans.


Renewing and re-issuing your OCI card is a vital process to maintain your rights and privileges in India. By following the correct procedures and being aware of the requirements, you can ensure a smooth and hassle-free experience. It is recommended to begin the renewal or re-issuance process well in advance of any planned travel to India to avoid any potential complications. Staying informed about the latest regulations and maintaining up-to-date documentation will help OCI cardholders continue to enjoy the benefits of their status without interruption.

FAQs related to Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards

1. What is the process for the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards?

The process involves submitting an application online, paying fees, and providing necessary documents. Timely renewal ensures uninterrupted benefits.

2. When should one apply for the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards?

Renewal should be done when a new passport is issued (for minors) or after turning 50, to ensure compliance with OCI guidelines.

3. What documents are required for the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards?

Essential documents include current passport, old OCI card, and recent photographs. Additional documents may be required based on individual cases.

4. How long does the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards take?

The process usually takes a few weeks to a few months. Applicants should plan accordingly to avoid travel disruptions.

5. Are there any age-specific guidelines for the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards?

Yes, minors (below 20) and seniors (above 50) must renew OCI cards more frequently due to passport renewals and biological changes.

6. What are the fees for the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards?

The fees vary based on the consulate and specific circumstances of the renewal or re-issuance application.

7. Can the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards be expedited?

Expedited services are generally not available. Applicants should apply well in advance to avoid inconvenience.

8. Is a new passport photo required for the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards?

Yes, a recent passport-sized photo is required for the application, adhering to the specified dimensions and background color.

9. What happens if the Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards is delayed?

Delaying the renewal can lead to issues at immigration checks and may restrict access to benefits entitled to OCI cardholders.

10. How can applicants track their Renewal and Re-issuance of OCI Cards application?

Applicants can track their application status online through the official OCI portal using their application number.

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Aayush is a strategic growth marketer with over 6 years of experience working in the US and European markets for various financial services companies. He has a proven track record of success in helping businesses grow, increase revenue, and improve marketing strategies.

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