Union Bank of India FCNR

Union Bank FCNR: A Complete Guide for NRIs to Invest and Earn from India
November 17, 2023
min read

Welcome to a closer look at Union Bank of India's services tailored for Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), specifically focusing on their Foreign Currency Non-Resident (FCNR) accounts. If you're an NRI looking to park your foreign currency earnings without the hassle of currency conversion, Union Bank of India has some enticing options. The bank is well-regarded for its range of NRI banking solutions, but today, we're zoning in on their FCNR accounts, which offer both convenience and attractive interest rates.

What is an FCNR Account?

An FCNR account is a type of fixed deposit account where NRIs can deposit their money in foreign currency. The main advantage of an FCNR account is that you don't have to convert your foreign earnings into Indian Rupees (INR), thus avoiding exchange rate risks. Sounds practical, right?


  • Currency Options: Union Bank offers FCNR accounts in multiple currencies, including USD, GBP, EUR, CAD, and AUD.
  • Tenure: You can opt for a flexible deposit period ranging from 1 to 5 years.
  • Repatriable: Both the principal and interest are freely repatriable, meaning you can move the funds back to your foreign account whenever needed.
  • Interest Rates: The rates are competitive, and we'll get into the specifics in the next section.

Advantages of Union Bank FCNR Account

  • Avoid Exchange Risk: Keep your savings in the same currency you earn, eliminating the risk of currency fluctuation.
  • Better Returns: Compared to regular NRE and NRO accounts, FCNR accounts often provide better interest rates.
  • Peace of Mind: Union Bank of India is a reputable institution, so your funds are in safe hands.

By now, you should have a good grasp of what an FCNR account is and the benefits of having one with Union Bank of India. Stick around as we delve into the specifics of Union Bank of India FCNR rates in the next section.

Union Bank of India FCNR Rates

When it comes to FCNR accounts, the interest rates are perhaps the most significant factor influencing your decision. Union Bank of India offers competitive FCNR rates, which vary depending on the currency and the tenure of the deposit. Let's break it down:

Interest Rate Table


Note: The rates are subject to change and are effective from 27.07.2023. Always check the latest rates on Union Bank's official website or contact their customer service for the most current information.

What do these rates mean for you?

  • If you're looking to invest a substantial amount (USD 500,000 or more), you can benefit from slightly higher interest rates.
  • Those interested in a shorter tenure (1-2 years) will find the rates particularly attractive, especially for currencies like USD and GBP.
  • The interest rates for long-term deposits (3-5 years) are stable, making it a safe bet if you're looking for a long-term investment.

How to Open an FCNR Account in Union Bank

Opening an FCNR account with Union Bank is a straightforward process, but it's always good to know the details before diving in.


  • Proof of Identity: Passport, Driver’s License, or any other government-issued ID.
  • Proof of Overseas Residence: Utility bill, rent agreement, or overseas bank statement.
  • Initial Deposit: The minimum deposit varies depending on the currency.


  • Visit the Bank or Website: You can either walk into a Union Bank branch or visit their website to start the process.
  • Fill the Application: Complete the FCNR account application form.
  • Submit Documents: Upload or submit your identification and proof of overseas residence.
  • Initial Deposit: Make the initial deposit in your chosen foreign currency.
  • Account Activation: Your account will typically be activated within a few business days after all the documents and initial deposit are verified.

Tips for a Smooth Process

  • Always double-check the documents required as they can vary depending on your resident country.
  • Make sure to read the terms and conditions carefully, especially the clauses related to the Union Bank of India FCNR limit and premature withdrawal penalties.

Understanding the Terms and Conditions

While FCNR accounts offer a lucrative investment option, it's essential to understand the terms and conditions to make an informed decision.

Interest Rate Changes

The interest rates are subject to change, and the rate applicable will be the one prevailing on the day of processing your FCNR deposit.

Minimum Deposit Requirements

There's a minimum deposit requirement that varies depending on the currency you choose. Make sure to check these details before initiating the account opening process.

Bulk Deposits

If your deposit amount in USD, GBP, EUR, CAD, or AUD is equivalent to or more than INR 2 Crore, it is considered a bulk deposit. For bulk deposit interest rates, it's best to reach out to Union Bank directly.

Inactivity and Conversion

If the FCNR account remains inactive for three years from the date of maturity, the bank will convert the balance into Indian Rupees at the prevailing exchange rate.

Premature Withdrawal

  • No interest will be paid on FCNR deposits prematurely withdrawn before the completion of one year.
  • For accounts opened or renewed prior to October 1, 2021, a penalty of 1% applies for premature withdrawal after one year.
  • For accounts opened or renewed on or after October 1, 2021, the penalty is 0.5% for premature withdrawal after one year.

The Pros and Cons of Union Bank FCNR Accounts

  • Before you jump in, weigh the benefits and drawbacks to know if this is the right investment for you.


  • Currency Diversification: The account allows you to hold deposits in multiple currencies, giving you a hedge against currency fluctuation risks.
  • Competitive Interest Rates: Union Bank offers competitive "union bank of india fcnr deposit rates," especially for USD and GBP.
  • Repatriability: Both principal and interest earned are fully repatriable, providing you with financial flexibility.


  • Minimum Deposit Requirement: There's a minimum initial deposit requirement, which might be high for some investors.
  • Penalty on Premature Withdrawal: If you foresee a need to withdraw your deposit early, be aware of the penalties involved.

Navigating the world of NRI banking can often seem complicated, but Union Bank of India's FCNR accounts aim to make the process as straightforward as possible. From competitive interest rates to the freedom of holding multiple currencies, these accounts offer a balanced mix of features designed to meet the varied needs of NRIs. While it's crucial to keep tabs on the terms and conditions, the flexibility and benefits generally outweigh the limitations. In a nutshell, Union Bank's FCNR accounts serve as a robust financial tool for those looking to invest in foreign currency without the hassle of frequent currency conversion.


How do I open an FCNR account with Union Bank of India?

Opening an FCNR account with Union Bank is a straightforward process but involves multiple steps. You'll start by filling out an application form, which is often available online or at your nearest Union Bank branch. The form will ask for personal details, the type of currency you wish to hold, and other banking preferences. Along with the form, you'll need to submit identity and address proof documents like your passport, visa, and overseas address proof. After you've submitted these, the bank may require additional in-person verification or further documentation.

Can I prematurely withdraw my FCNR deposit?

Yes, premature withdrawal is possible, but conditions apply. If you withdraw before the deposit has been in the account for at least one year, you won't earn any interest. If you decide to withdraw after a year but before maturity, a penalty will be charged. The rate of this penalty depends on when the deposit was opened; it's 1% for deposits opened before October 1, 2021, and 0.5% for those opened after.

What currencies are available for FCNR accounts?

Union Bank of India offers FCNR accounts in a variety of currencies: USD, GBP, EUR, CAD, and AUD. This offers you the flexibility to choose a currency that you're most comfortable with or that aligns with your investment goals.

Are there any tax implications for FCNR accounts?

In India, the interest earned on FCNR accounts is tax-free. However, tax laws can vary by country, and as an NRI, you may be liable for taxes on this income in your country of residence. It's advisable to consult with a tax professional to understand the implications fully.

How often is the interest compounded?

Interest on FCNR deposits is compounded on a half-yearly basis. This means that the interest earned during the first six months will be added to the principal, and for the next six months, the interest will be calculated on this new principal amount.

What happens if my FCNR account remains inactive?

If your FCNR account remains inactive for three years from the date of maturity, Union Bank will convert the balance to Indian Rupees at the prevailing exchange rate on that date. You'll then have the option to claim the INR proceeds and any interest earned on them, or you can ask for the foreign currency equivalent at the current exchange rate on the date of payment.

Is there a penalty for renewing my FCNR deposit?

No penalty is levied for renewing your FCNR deposit. However, the interest rate applicable on the day of renewal will be the rate applied to the new deposit term.

Can I extend the tenure of my existing FCNR account?

Yes, extending the tenure is an option. The interest rate for the extended period will be the prevailing rate on the day you request the extension. This could be higher or lower than your original rate, depending on current market conditions.

Are there any benefits for senior citizens?

Union Bank of India does not offer any specific benefits or higher interest rates to NR senior citizens for FCNR accounts. The terms and conditions are uniform for all age groups.

How do I check the interest rates for bulk deposits?

For deposits that amount to INR 2 Crore or more in equivalent foreign currency, special bulk deposit rates apply. These are not typically published and to get the most accurate and current rates, you'll need to contact Union Bank directly. The official email address for such queries is nri@unionbankofindia.com.

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